About Teak Wood
The Teak Tree, or Tectona, is one of the tropical hardwood birches, included in the family Verbenaceae. This tree is originally from the plantations of South East Asia, and can grow to a height of 30 - 40 m. As part of its life cycle, this tree sheds its leaves every year at dry season. Its longevity is very great, the Teak tree often living to an age of 100 years. Teak is especially noted for its capacity to withstand changes in the weather and season. One of the reasons for this is the ability of the Teak to bend, but not break, in the face of high winds.
Also, the Teak tree resin typically has an oil in its Galih (Cambium/heartwood) that is highly water resistant. This content alone can protect the Teak from decay, insects, and bacteria. At the same time, the combination of unique Teak tree content and thick fibers make it easier to cut and then later sculpt into pleasing forms. Because of this special characteristic, not found in other trees, there has always been interest in using Teak wood for various types of furniture. The teak trees found in South-East Asia forests reach a height of up to 150 feet, have reddish-green leaves with rough skin, and heartwood that is brown to dark gold in color. Of the main teak producers in the area, Indonesia, India, Myanmar, Philippine, and Malaysia, Indonesia's teak is considered of the highest quality in the world.
and conservation of the Teak tree in Indonesia is
managed by the government of Indonesia, Perum Perhutani
(Forestation Company of Government). The largest
producer of teak in Indonesia is Java. Its geography
and weather are highly suitable to Teak tree plantations;
Java Island is also a manufacturing center where many
furniture workers are employed to process the wood
of the Teak tree into unique and beautiful furniture.
To get teak wood of the highest quality, there are
some things that must be carefully attended
to in the retrieval process. The older Teak trees, of
up to 40 years in age, are the best ones to be
cut. In fact, the older the Teak tree, the better
will be the quality of its wood. Before cutting the
Teak tree, the water content must be drained from
the tree by making a cut at its under side. This draining
process takes time, 1 to 2 years, in order to get
the Teak tree dry enough that it can be cut into
Teak wood, and so ready for its main use as the material
for furniture and other products.
In India, Teak wood, because of its durability, is used - in addition to its use in furniture and other products - in the production of door and window frames. In Denmark, noted the world over for the stylishness and practicality of its furniture products - with teak, once again, as the main material - because of the increasing demand, and decreasing supply, the price of their furniture products has greatly increased - while in Indonesia, Teak wood is exported abroad and also used as the main material for furniture.
Teak Aesthetics And Characteristics
most salient characteristic of Teak is its resistance
to all kinds of weather. Because of this,
it is also resistant to decay and easily repels insects.
This is one of the reasons that, unlike other
woods, it is often used as the main material for both
indoor and outdoor furniture. Teak wood holds its
form over many years, even if left outside, and because
of this it has often been used for the decking of
ships - with its special aroma, cruise ships
Other characteristics of teak are its elasticity
and solid fiber, both of which facilitate woodworking
and the ability of woodworkers to create products,
such as our own at GiantChess.com, that
are both beautiful and durable.
reason for the beauty of teak wood products is the
special oil content in its heartwood, which
makes this wood always seen to gleam -
maintaining this glow even if it is left outside for
a long period of time. Additionally, Teak
wood with its antibacterial characteristics will not
become brittle. The owner of teakwood furniture, therefore, will
not even find it necessarily to add a preservative
to keep it looking like new. Even so, it can
occasionally benefit from some polishing, or the application
of some varnish, to enhance its natural beauty.
Teak Wood In The World View
much of recorded history Teak wood has been relied upon
and trusted for its uncommon strength. This wood is
highly prized by lovers and collectors of furniture
the world over. Because of it's rareness and the limited
supply of teak in the world, teak is increasingly being
sought after and its price increasing. The reputation
of Teak throughout the whole world in producing furniture
of the highest quality has, however, never faltered.
Indonesia, as the biggest teak supplier in the world,
is very committed to preserving the Teak tree through
both practical and visionary government programs.
It is only through Perum Perhutani (Forestation Company
of Government) that Indonesia can supply Teak
wood for export. Not only this, but because of the
skill of our woodworkers and artisans, Indonesia
produces some of the most unique and interesting furniture
products to be found anywhere in the world.
Furniture hunters the world over immediately recognize the characteristics of teak, and always stop to look at Indonesian teak products, so reflective of our history and culture. The demand for this Teak wood has increased so much that the Indonesian government has been forced to implement a plantation program entailing the cultivation, use, and protection of our Teak trees.
This is because the teak is a perennial plant, and of
great importance to the economy of Indonesia. Construction
material and furniture that comes from Indonesian
teak wood each have their own increasing market, as
well as increasing value. Generally, Teak
trees are harvested only after they have reached ten
years; although new technology has yielded certain
Teak types called 'Jati Genjah' (Fast Growing)
that are also of excellent quality.This will
help Indonesia to continue to be the preeminent
supplier of teak in the world.
strength and beauty of its fiber is the primary
reason that Teak wood continues to be a main
choice for furniture material. The desire for Teak
products is increasing, both in our country and
also abroad, but the supply is not keeping up because
the growth cycle of the conventional Teak tree is
long. In fact, as the supply diminishes the desirability
for Teak products that have already been produced,
often considered as collectibles, and Teak products
that are still being produced, as by companies such
as ours at GiantChess, com, continues to grow.
Giantchess.com applies formally to Perum Perhutani for its
teak material, which is from the teaks that are planted
for "wooding up" in the plantations. Perum
Perhutani sees that a cultivation of seeding
is done every year to replace the big Teak trees which
have been chosen to be cut.
On this page we have presented some
pictures of: Teak cultivation, Teak forest, the "scratch"
of a Teak tree, and others.
here to see teak plantation in Java island, Indonesia